– Vitamin K is not easily transported from the mother to the fetus through the placenta
– Newborns have sterile intestines and cannot initially synthesize vitamin K.
– Human milk has very low concentrations of vitamin K,
some authors recommends that all newborns receive a single intramuscular dose of Vitamin K, since Vitamin K is a liposoluble vitamin necessary for:
a) the prevention of oxidative damage
b) Ca++ and phosphate metabolism
c) the vision process
d) the synthesis of some coagulation factors
e) the differentiation of epithelial cells.