Answer to P-01


 

Original Question P-01

 

Answer: (b)

 

 Explanation: Amino acids are different because they differ in the kind or the lateral chain ( R) that they have,

                                General Formula of amino acids

so the characteristics of these lateral chains have been used for classify them.   

 

Very used classifications are the following:

 

Classification according to the side chain polarity

 

 Nonpolar neutral (Hydrophobic): Glycine, Alanine, Valine, Leucine, Isoleucine, Proline, Methionine, Phenylalanine

Polar neutral: Serine, Threonine, Cysteine, Asparagine, Glutamine, Tyrosine, Tryptophan

Polar acidic (AKA Negatively charged amino acids, AKA acid amino acids): Aspartate, Glutamate

Polar basic (AKA positively charged amino acids, AKA basic amino acids): Lysine, Arginine, Histidine 

 

 

Other classifications consider also different subgroups, or even can include amino acids of different groups, based in other common chemical characteristics. Examples of these amino acid subgroups are:

          Aromatic amino : Tyrosine, Tryptophan, phenylalanine

          Amino acids containing Sulfur: Cysteine and Methionine 

         Amino acids with Hydroxyl group: Serine, Threonine, Tyrosine 

         Branched chain amino acids: Valine, Leucine, Isoleucine 

 

The best way to be able to classify an amino acid is by knowing the chemical structure. If the structure is known, it is possible to answer any question related to amino acid classification. I strongly recommend studying the individual amino acid structure of protein amino acids, in order to be able to understand the influence of mutations in the functionality and electrophoretic behavior of proteins, as we will see in next weeks.

 

2 thoughts on “Answer to P-01

  1. Pingback: A newborn with Maple Syrup Disease (P-01) « The Biochemistry Questions Site

  2. Pingback: Composition of Alpha keto Acid Dehydrogenase Multienzymatic Complexes « The Biochemistry Questions Site

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s